Microfiber is a synthetic fiber made up of a blend of polyester and microfiber polymer. These materials are bundled together to form a strand so small the human eye can barely see it. When examined under a microscope the strand appears in the shape of a star. Those bundles are then split into ultra-fine single fibers (estimated to be at least one-sixteenth the size of a human hair) using a specific combination of chemicals, heat and agitation. The amount of splits determines the quality of the microfiber. The more splits, the more absorbent it is. In addition, the chemical process manufacturers use to split the microfibers creates a positive electric charge. When dry, the static causes dirt, which has a negative charge, to cling better to the mop or cloth. The dirt will be trapped until the microfiber is washed, at which time the charge is broken and the dirt is released.
The single fibers are woven together to make the finished microfiber product. When woven together the strands create a surface area covered with millions of spaces between the fibers to trap moisture, dirt and debris. This dense fiber is able to hold seven to eight times its own weight in water
Microfiber is available in cloths, mops, mitts and other products. It can be used wet or dry and on a variety of surfaces. Dusting should be done totally dry — that means no water or dust-treating chemicals. When it comes to wet mopping, people often overload the microfiber cloth or pad with water or chemical. However, if all the crevices of the cloth are filled, then there won’t be room for the dirt, which will cause streaking.
2 different materials are used to make Microfiber – Polyester and Nylon. One has positive ion and one has negative ions creating the electric charge.